Brief Introduction to the Historic Relics of Luoyuan County
Brief Introduction to the Historic Relics of Luoyuan County
In ancient times, Luoyuan was also named Luochuan, belonging to part of Yangzhou in the Shang-xia period. The site of Luoyuan was first established in Tangdazhong 1st Year (847 AD) and then its name changed into Yongzhen Town in Tangxiantong 2nd Year (861 AD). In Tangchangxing 4th Year after Wudai period (933 AD) it was upgraded from a town into a county, named Yongzhen County. In Songtianxi 5th Year (1021 AD), it was named Luoyuan County which has the name ever since.
Luoyuan is surrounded by mountains in three sides, with one side facing sea. It is 78.5 kilo meters long from the east to the west and 28 kilometers wide from the south to the north, covering a total area of 1187 square kilometers, including 103 square kilometers of sea territory. The county has a population of 250,000, of which about 8.3 % population are Se ethnic minority.
Luoyuan has a long history. In 1980’s, archaeologists found 19 historic relics, 180 pottery fragments and 17 stone arrows and stone carved tools of the New Stone Age and Bronze Age in the area of urban county, Zhongfang, Qibu, Shouqiao. According to the archaeological analysis, Luoyuan was inhabited by humans as early as 5000 years ago. The earliest residents were natives. About 10 years before Xijin Yongjia Year (about 290 AD), people in Zhongzhou started to immigrate here. In the late years of the Tang Dynasty, immigrants moved to Luoyuan with Wang Chao and Wang Shenzhi from Guangzhou and Shouzhou of Henan Province either to avoid the war or to migrate with the army. The settlement of the immigrants have brought the culture from Zhongyuan (Central China) to Luoyuan, imposing a significant impact on the political, economic and social development in the past dynasties in Luoyuan.
Due to the advantage in geographical location where it is close to the capital city Fuzhou and convenient in communication and transportation, Luoyuan was prosperous and enjoyed fast economic development after the county was established. In the meantime, education developed rapidly. Many high officials and scholars emerged in the history of Luoyuan. Especially in the Song Dynasty when education was highly advocated, Confucius scholars had outstanding performance, and a lot of successful candidates in highest imperial examinations emerged. Luoyuan County was well-known nationwide and enjoyed a high reputation. According to the newly edited “Luoyuan County Records”, there were 203 successful candidates emerged from Luoyuan in the highest imperial examinations in Song Dynasty, such as the master Huanglun, the minister Chen Xianbo, the chancellor Yu Shen, the scholars Chenshan and Zhang Pan. “When you have a phoenix tree at home, it always attracts phoenixes”. Since many famous scholars and officials originated from Luoyuan, it has attracted visits by many scholars and celebrities. The philosopher Zhu Xi and the poet Lu You have been to Luoyuan to give lectures, which have left many valuable cultural relics. Many cultural relics in Luoyuan, such as Chentaiwei Palace, 18 monks’ statues in Qiyun Cave of Shengshui Temple, Caiweng inscribed Stone , the horizontal inscribed board in Three-Huangs ancestral temple and other buildings and emperors’ decrees. They all originated from the Song Dynasty.
As Luoyuan is well developed in communication and transportation, it has frequent exchanges with the outside world and has adopted many traditional cultures, such as Buddhist culture, folk handcrafts and exotic customs. In Luoyuan territory, Mazu temple was built a long time ago, to worship Lady Chen Mo. The Xiyang Palace was built to oblate Aunt Chen Jing. As cultural exchange developed with foreign countries and Taiwan, many overseas friends and patriots from Hong Kong and Taiwan have come to burn incense for sacrificing the Buddha in Luoyuan, which has also helped to accelerate foreign investment in this area. With the development of Luoyuan Bay, we are confident that the rich historical and cultural resource in Luoyuan will further promote and make great contribution to a new round of prosperity in Luoyuan.
Historic relics are the treasures of history and culture, which symbolize the development of nations and the progress of human civilization. Preserving historic relics and the inheritance of historic and cultural legacy are the ethic of the Chinese nation. Dating back to the Warring States Period, our ancestors regarded historic relics as important as social etiquette and rules. According to the “Zhuochuan in Heng-gong 2nd Year”, a well-known Chinese historic book, ethics means thrift to a certain extent and behaviour under certain limitations. Cultural relics are preserved by rules, as statement is regulated by announcement. This can be applied to restrict the performance of government officials. The function of the rules have been placed to such a high profile for regulating the performance of the government officials, that cultural relics have attracted public attention. Therefore the officials are afraid of and disciplined by rules and regulations. The function of historic relics has been placed onto the position to regulate the government officials. After the establishment of the new China, the Communist Party and the Chinese Government have attached great importance to the preservation of cultural relics. After the third plenary session of the11th National Congress of the Communist Party of China and the “Historic Relics Law” was promulgated, there are laws to control excavation, protection and utilization of historic relics. Many historic relics which were lost or seriously damaged have been recovered, and are now maintained and protected. Many old buildings and old tombs have been listed as historic reserves to play more important roles.
Luoyuan County has a long history and is rich in cultural relic resources. The establishment of Luoyuan museum has not only established three independent institutions in the cultural sector to separate museum from the culture center and library, but also created favourable conditions for protecting cultural relics. The new museum has been equipped with high tech security facilities and modern research site, to provide a safe shelter for cultural relics. In the meantime, we have regulated research and excavation of cultural relics into normal, professional and legal practice, through employing professionals, and setting up and optimization of management systems in the museum. As a result, the old and valuable cultural relics still radiate the vigour of their youth and continue to make contributions to the development in all sectors of Luoyuan County.
“One pattern reveals the whole leopard and one drop of water reflects rough waves.” After we have stepped into the exhibition hall of the museum and taken a look of the exhibits, we have an understanding that people have created history, which drives human civilization and progress. It is just because we have collected much excavated material; people are able to see the foot prints of our ancestors’ involvement and the efforts they have made in the development. Thousands years of history in Luoyuan has left us hundreds of cultural relics. Although it seems not possible to measure by mathematical equation, it is the result of concentrated efforts and painstaking work of archaeologists. It is worth mentioning that with the promulgation of “Law of Cultural Relics” and the improvement of people’s education and awareness to protect cultural relics, the protection of cultural relics has become a fashion. Many people of insight have volunteered to provide clues, donate and study cultural relics. It has enabled this small county to possessing a lot of cultural relics. How can we forget them? It is also worth mentioning that in order to protect the cultural relics, the authorities in public security, justice and legislation in Luoyuan County have worked closely to crack down on theft of relics repeatedly and efficiently recovered the lost cultural relics. Only because we have a number of these qualified protecting gods, the cultural relics in Luoyuan County can be safely and perfectly protected without danger.
It still takes time and a lot of painstaking work before the precious cultural relics can be fully developed and utilized. We have confidence to overcome all difficulties and shall spare no efforts in the survey, excavation and development of cultural relics, in order to serve the construction of the ecological port and industrial city in Luoyuan Bay.
Chief director: Huang Xianjian
Director: Huang Xinqiang
Art designer: Lin Tingjian Adwriter: Yu Guanglin
Photographer: Xia Haiyan, Sun Chaoming
福建省 福州市 双鱼座