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我县博物馆于2004年11月正式成立,直属县科技文体局,系统展示罗源县历史、民族文化以及革命史教育的综合性博物馆。 于2005年5月18日(世界博物馆日)正式对外开放。建筑占地面积1500平方米,陈列展厅面积为580平方米,库房及办公面积为100多平方米,是安防设施达标的县级博物馆。展厅分为五个展区28个展柜,既体现地方历史文化和社会发展特点,又具有地方民族文化和革命史教育基地,集文物征集、考古、收藏、研究、展示于一身专业博物馆。

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罗源县历史简介  

2007-09-07 09:22:03|  分类: 慨况简介 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 Brief Introduction to the Historic Relics of Luoyuan County

罗源县古代别名罗川,夏商时期属扬州分域。唐大中元年(公元847年)初置罗源场。唐咸通二年(公元861年)改为永贞镇。五代后唐长兴四年(公元933年)升镇为县,改称永贞县。宋天禧五年(公元1021年)定名为罗源县,相沿至今。

罗源三面环山,一面临水,东西长78.5公里,南北宽28公里,总面积1187平方公里,其中海域103平方公里,总人口25万人,其中畲族人口占8.3%左右。

罗源历史悠久。根据上世纪80年代,文物工作者先后在城郊、中房、起步、寿桥等地发现新石器或青铜时代遗址19处,采集到180件陶片,17件石石族、石石奔来分析,早在5000年前的新石器时代,罗源就有人类居住,最早定居的为土著人。西晋永嘉前十多年(公元290年前后)已有中州人移居于此;唐朝末年又有一批随王潮、王审知入闽的河南光、寿两州避乱者和随军散勇迁徙入罗。这些先民的入住,把中原文化带到罗源,对于历代罗源的政治、经济、文化发展,产生深远的影响。

罗源由于地理环境优越,水陆交通便利,又靠近省垣福州,所以建县之后,商务兴旺,经济发展很快,伴随着文化教育也十分振兴,历史上出过不少达官名士,特别是宋代,教育风行,儒生拔萃,屡屡登第,可以说是蜚声鹊起,榜誉蝉联。据新修《罗源县志》记载,宋代罗源先后出过进士203名。著名的少师黄伦、尚书陈显伯、太宰余深、名士陈善、张磻等,都出于这个时期。家有梧桐树,总见凤来仪,宋代,罗源由于许多名人仕外,也招来不少学者名流的光顾,理学家朱熹、诗人陆游都曾经在罗源驻足或讲学,留下许多珍贵文物。罗源著名文物保护单位陈太尉宫、圣水寺栖云洞十八罗汉石雕像、才翁石、三黄世家宗祠匾额,以及其他古建筑,圣旨等等,都是从宋代延传下来的。

罗源由于交通发达,与外界交往机会繁多,历史上从外界也传入不少传统文化,包括佛教文化,民间手工业,异地风俗等。境内很早就设妈祖庙,敬仰林默娘,兴建西洋宫,供奉陈靖姑,所以由于近年来涉外涉台文化发展迅速,许多海外朋友,港台同胞经常前来礼佛进香,也带动着外资企业的发展。随着罗源湾的开发,我们相信,丰富的罗源历史文化资源必将为新一番创业增光添彩,大作贡献。

 

Brief Introduction to the Historic Relics of Luoyuan County

         In ancient times, Luoyuan was also named Luochuan, belonging to part of Yangzhou in the Shang-xia period. The site of Luoyuan was first established in Tangdazhong 1st Year (847 AD) and then its name changed into Yongzhen Town in Tangxiantong 2nd Year (861 AD). In Tangchangxing 4th Year after Wudai period (933 AD) it was upgraded from a town into a county, named Yongzhen County. In Songtianxi 5th Year (1021 AD), it was named Luoyuan County which has the name ever since.

         Luoyuan is surrounded by mountains in three sides, with one side facing sea. It is 78.5 kilo meters long from the east to the west and 28 kilometers wide from the south to the north, covering a total area of 1187 square kilometers, including 103 square kilometers of sea territory. The county has a population of 250,000, of which about 8.3 % population are Se ethnic minority.

         Luoyuan has a long history. In 1980’s, archaeologists found 19 historic relics, 180 pottery fragments and 17 stone arrows and stone carved tools of the New Stone Age and Bronze Age in the area of urban county, Zhongfang, Qibu, Shouqiao. According to the archaeological analysis, Luoyuan was inhabited by humans as early as 5000 years ago. The earliest residents were natives. About 10 years before Xijin Yongjia Year (about 290 AD), people in Zhongzhou started to immigrate here. In the late years of the Tang Dynasty, immigrants moved to Luoyuan with Wang Chao and Wang Shenzhi from Guangzhou and Shouzhou of Henan Province either to avoid the war or to migrate with the army. The settlement of the immigrants have brought the culture from Zhongyuan (Central China) to Luoyuan, imposing a significant impact on the political, economic and social development in the past dynasties in Luoyuan.

         Due to the advantage in geographical location where it is close to the capital city Fuzhou and convenient in communication and transportation, Luoyuan was prosperous and enjoyed fast economic development after the county was established. In the meantime, education developed rapidly. Many high officials and scholars emerged in the history of Luoyuan. Especially in the Song Dynasty when education was highly advocated, Confucius scholars had outstanding performance, and a lot of successful candidates in highest imperial examinations emerged. Luoyuan County was well-known nationwide and enjoyed a high reputation. According to the newly edited “Luoyuan County Records”, there were 203 successful candidates emerged from Luoyuan in the highest imperial examinations in Song Dynasty, such as the master Huanglun, the minister Chen Xianbo, the chancellor Yu Shen, the scholars Chenshan and Zhang Pan. “When you have a phoenix tree at home, it always attracts phoenixes”. Since many famous scholars and officials originated from Luoyuan, it has attracted visits by many scholars and celebrities. The philosopher Zhu Xi and the poet Lu You have been to Luoyuan to give lectures, which have left many valuable cultural relics. Many cultural relics in Luoyuan, such as Chentaiwei Palace, 18 monks’ statues in Qiyun Cave of Shengshui Temple,  Caiweng inscribed Stone , the horizontal inscribed board in Three-Huangs ancestral temple and other buildings and emperors’ decrees. They all originated from the Song Dynasty.

         As Luoyuan is well developed in communication and transportation, it has frequent exchanges with the outside world and has adopted many traditional cultures, such as Buddhist culture, folk handcrafts and exotic customs. In Luoyuan territory, Mazu temple was built a long time ago, to worship Lady Chen Mo. The Xiyang Palace was built to oblate Aunt Chen Jing. As cultural exchange developed with foreign countries and Taiwan, many overseas friends and patriots from Hong Kong and Taiwan have come to burn incense for sacrificing the Buddha in Luoyuan, which has also helped to accelerate foreign investment in this area. With the development of Luoyuan Bay, we are confident that the rich historical and cultural resource in Luoyuan will further promote and make great contribution to a new round of prosperity in Luoyuan.

 

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